買い物をする (Shopping - Survival Skills II - Lesson 4) (Level: TOEIC 000-400)
Goal: Learn some useful English for shopping
Lesson 4: Shopping
Do you have the survival skills for shopping in English?
In this lesson, you will learn how to (レッスンの狙い):
1. Ask for assistance (店員に助けを求める)
2. Compare options (商品を比較検討する)
3. Request an exchange or refund 交換や返金を依頼する)
Yuichi: Excuse me. I bought this phone charger here yesterday.
Assistant: Is everything all right?
Yuichi: Well, it’s the wrong type.
Assistant: I see. Did you bring your receipt with you?
Yuichi: Sure, I have it right here.
Assistant: Thank you very much. Would you like to exchange it?
Yuichi: Actually, I would like my money back, please.
Assistant: That’s not a problem. Hold on a moment, and I will take care of that for you.
Yuichi: That would be great. Thank you so much for your help.
3 Tips for building vocabulary:
If you are serious about improving your English skills, it's very important you increase your knowledge of vocabulary week by week. Here are 3 great tips for how you can do this:
1. Read English newspapers, magazines or websites
Most new vocabulary is learned from a context (situation). If you regularly read English articles, you will keep finding new words that you can learn.
2. Practice, practice, practice
Research shows, the average learner needs 10-20 repetitions of a word to remember it. Write new words down in a vocabulary book or on index cards and make an example sentence that is connected to yourself in some way. When you learn a new word, try to use it and don't forget to review your vocabulary lists in case you forget any.
3. Use mnemonics (memory tricks)
Mnemonics can really help you remember new words. Here's an excellent article on different types of mnemonics:
Essential language for shopping in English
Here's some very useful language for shopping in English:
Shop assistant: Can I help you?
Shopper: No thanks, I'm just looking.
Shop assistant: Is there something I can help you with?
Shopper: Yes, thanks. I'm looking for some good souvenirs.
Shopper: Excuse, how much is this t-shirt/is that t-shirt/are these shoes/are those shoes?
Shop assistant: That t-shirt is $20. / Those shoes are $250.
Shopper: Can I try it on? / Can I try them on?
Shop assistant: Certainly. What size are you?
Shopper: I'm a size M. / My shoe size is 8.
Exchanging your money abroad
Not sure what's the best way to change money when your abroad? Here are a couple of travel tips:
1. Use ATM's for daily funds
These days, it's very easy to use your ATM card in other countries and this is usually the best option for changing money.
2. Use credit cards for large purchases
Even though most banks charge a feefor foreign transactions, you almost always get the best possible exchange rate.
- In Western countries, most shops and department stores will have cash, direct debit and credit card services. Make sure you ask for and keep the receipts.
- It isn’t necessary to bring souvenirs to work colleagues in Western countries. It is however a nice idea to bring a token present that reflects Japanese culture, like a fan or some chopsticks.
- Some shops do not offer refunds or exchanges. Check for a sign at the register.
Now double check your understanding by reading the Japanese translation:
- 英語圏のほとんどの商店やデパートでは、現金、口座引き落としやカードで買い物ができます。必ずレシートを もらって保管しておきましょう。
- 英語圏では、職場の人たちにお土産を買って帰る必要はありませんが、扇子や箸など日本独特のものを、気持ち ばかりの贈り物として持っていくのもよいでしょう。
|1. ちょっと伺いたいのですが。||1. I would like some help, please.|
|2. これを他のものに交換できますか。||2. Can I exchange this for something else?|
|3. アドバイスをしていただけませんか。||3. Could you give me some advice, please?|
|4. どちらがお勧めですか。||4. Which one would you recommend?|
|5. これにします。||5. I’ll take this one, please.|
|1. お土産(を買う）||1. (purchase) a souvenir|
|2. (新品の服)を試着する||2. try on (new clothes)|
|3. (購入したもの)を交換する||3. exhange (a purchase)|
|4. 返金(を求める)||4. (ask for) a refund|
|5. お勧め(をきく)||5. (get some) recommendations|